Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice). As a cereal grain, it is the most widely consumed staple food for a large part of the world’s human population, especially in Asia. It is the agricultural commodity with the third-highest worldwide production, after sugarcane and maize, according to 2012 FAOSTAT data.


Egyptian Rice

Almost all rice in Egypt is produced in the valley of Lower Nile River. The main rice producing zones are shown in the following table.


Egyptian Rice Basic Statistics


1985 1990 1995 2000
Harvested area (T ha) 388.6 435.9 588.5 660.0
Yield (kg/ha) 5947 7266 8135 9086
Production (T t) 2311 3167 4788 5996
Imports (t) 16 2443 795 NA
Exports (T t) 16.35 75.71 156.7 NA